Question 13. What is the shimla agreement? Name its signatories. (Delhi 2010) Answer: The Shimla Agreement is the agreement between India and Pakistan, which is to end the war between the two countries in 1972. The main signatories were Ms. Indira Gandhi and Ms. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Question 3. Explain the circumstances that forced Tibetans to leave China. Highlight India`s role in helping Tibetan refugees, All India 2015 or What was the question of Tibet? How did it create tensions between India and China? Tell me. (Delhi 2012) OR What was the question of Tibet? How has India helped Tibetan migrants settle? (All India 2012) Answer: China had been administering Tibet for a long time and wanted to control all its parts that China made in 1950. Tibet was a good friend of India, because India in history therefore insisted that China give independence to Tibet. Under the Panchsheel Agreement, India has recognized China`s claim to Tibet.
China has assured India that it will guarantee full autonomy. But these Tibetan issues have led to a war between China and India. In 1971, after the Indo-Pak War, the leaders of the two countries met in Simla and signed a peace agreement. It was signed between Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Question 11. What is panchsheel? (All India 2011) Answer: The Panchsheel Agreement was signed in 1954 by Zhou Enlai (Chinese Prime Minister) and his Indian counterpart Pandit Nehru. In that agreement, the five principles were seen as: the agreement was the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations”. He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations.   Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972 Lahimla Convention: What is it? The Shimla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and by Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated East Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. Among them, India and Pakistan have decided to abandon the conflict of the past and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation between them. The Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement contains a series of principles agreed by both India and Pakistan, which emphasize respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in the internal affairs of the other, respect for political independence and unity of the other, and disregard for hostile propaganda. The principles of the Shimla Agreement are:- Mutual commitment to peacefully resolve all issues through direct bilateral approaches.- Build the basis of a cooperative relationship with an emphasis on contacts.- Maintain the inviolability of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir.
Shimla agreement: main features 1.